The Impact of Pre- and Post-Immigration Factors on the Depressive Symptoms and Alcohol Use Severity of Young Adult Recent Latino/a Immigrants: Examining the Role of Gender and Traditional Gender Roles
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
First Advisor's Name
First Advisor's Committee Title
Second Advisor's Name
Second Advisor's Committee Title
Third Advisor's Name
Mario De La Rosa
Third Advisor's Committee Title
Fourth Advisor's Name
Miguel A. Cano
Fourth Advisor's Committee Title
Latino/a Immigrants, Gender, Traditional Gender Roles, Alcohol Use, Depressive Symptoms, Stress, Forced Migration, Trauma, Syndemics
Date of Defense
Over the past decade, there has been a shift in Latino/a immigration patterns to the U.S. including steep increases in South and Central America immigrants. Seeking asylum from political and economic turmoil, many of these immigrants are disproportionately impacted by the compounding conditions of stress, trauma, depressive symptoms, and alcohol use severity (AUS). Most investigations on these conditions have been conducted among Mexican immigrants residing in the U.S. for an extended time period. Far less is known about the cumulative and intersecting effects of these conditions among a diverse group of recent Latino/a immigrants (RLIs) or how cultural factors such as Latino/a traditional gender roles (TGR) may influence these conditions.
The present study examined (1) the cumulative effects of premigration stress/trauma and postimmigration stress on the depressive symptoms of young adult RLIs and the moderating effect of gender on these associations, (2) the cumulative effects of pre/postimmigration stress on AUS and the respective moderating effects of adherence to TGR and forced migration among RLI men and women, (3) if pre/post immigration stress, forced migration, depressive symptoms, and AUS demonstrated to be a syndemic factor, and (4) the association between adherence to TGR and this syndemic factor. A cross sectional secondary data analysis was conducted using data from a NIAAA funded longitudinal study of N= 540 (N= 271 men, N= 269 women) of RLIs aged 18-34 years old in South Florida (SFL). Hierarchical multiple regression (HMR), moderation analyses, confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and structural equation modeling (SEM) were employed.
Higher levels of postimmigration stress were associated with higher levels of depressive symptoms and AUS. Gender moderated the association between postimmigration stress and AUS, whereby the association was stronger among men compared to women. Adherence to TGR significantly weakened the association between premigration stress and AUS among men but not for women. A syndemic factor explained the covariance between pre/postimmigration stress, depressive symptoms, and AUS. Adherence to TGR had a significant positive effect on this syndemic factor. These findings support the development of culturally tailored interventions early in the immigration process that address adherence to TGR to mitigate this syndemic among RLIs.
Previously Published In
Vazquez, V., Rojas, P., Cano M. A., De La Rosa, M., Romano, E., & Sanchez, M. (2021). Depressive symptoms among recent Latino immigrants in South Florida: The role of premigration trauma and stress, postimmigration stress, and gender. Journal of Traumatic Stress. 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1002/jts.22768
Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
Vazquez-Barrios, Vicky Rebecca, "The Impact of Pre- and Post-Immigration Factors on the Depressive Symptoms and Alcohol Use Severity of Young Adult Recent Latino/a Immigrants: Examining the Role of Gender and Traditional Gender Roles" (2022). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 4992.
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