Document Type



Doctor of Education (EdD)


Adult Education and Human Resource Development

First Advisor's Name

Thomas G. Reio, Jr.

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Elizabeth Cramer

Second Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Third Advisor's Name

Kyle Bennett

Third Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Fourth Advisor's Name

Martha Meyer

Fourth Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member


intellectual disabilities, employment, social cognitive career theory, career development, disabilities, employment preparation

Date of Defense



This non-experimental, correlational research tested a hypothesized employment model using the Social Cognitive Career Theory (SCCT) for individuals with ID who have completed high school in Miami, Florida, USA. The variables examined in the study were (a) environmental supports and barriers (e.g., family expectations, available community resources) (b) personal attributes (e.g., self-determination), (c) career behavior, and (d) the outcome of employment. Results of the logistic and hierarchical regression models demonstrated that the hypothesized model accounted for 22.3% of the variance in reported employment attainment. In both regression models, the personal attributes variable was statistically significant to employment outcome and the career behavior variable was statistically significant, however, with a negative link to the employment outcome. In addition, positive correlations were found between the environmental supports and barriers, personal attributes, and career behavior variables.




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