The Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Minorities with Type 2 Diabetes
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Dietetics and Nutrition
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diabetes, vitamin D, glucose, lipids, Hispanics
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The aim of the present study was to determine the effect of vitamin D supplementation (4000 IU or 6000 IU of cholecalciferol daily for 6 months) on fasting plasma glucose, fasting insulin, glycated hemoglobin, and lipid profile in a sample of African-Americans and Hispanics with T2D and vitamin D insufficiency. Seventy five participants were recruited by community outreach. Plasma glucose concentration was measured by hexokinase enzymatic method. Glycated hemoglobin was measured by the DCA2000+ system. Insulin in fasting blood was determined by radioimmunoassay. Plasma total cholesterol, triglycerides, low-density lipoprotein, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol were assayed by enzymatic methods. Serum vitamin D concentrations were measured with an enzyme-immunoassay kit. Mixed model was used to compare treatment effects and Bonferroni multiple comparison tests was used to detect significant changes from baseline, 3 months, and 6 months on the outcome variables. Significant improvements in serum 25(OH)D levels were seen from baseline to 3 month and 6 months respectively in both treatments (from 22.25 ± 7.19 to 37.34 ± 12.31 and 37.99 ± 13.22, PPP=0.040) was observed. Similarly, a significant change in serum triglycerides was observed at 6 months in the 6000 IU group (from 201.44 ± 91.35 to 172.92 ± 76.87 mg/dl, P=0.037). However, when the model was adjusted for confounders, significance was lost. Vitamin D supplementation did not improve glucose homeostasis in this sample. The positive effect of vitamin D supplementation on lipid profile may be mediated by other cofactors related to vitamin D metabolism.
Exebio, Joel, "The Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Cardiovascular Risk Factors among Minorities with Type 2 Diabetes" (2015). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 2266.
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