Effects of Sex, Third Grade Reading Achievement and Motivation as Predictors of Fourth Grade Reading Achievement of Hispanic Students: A Path Analysis
Doctor of Education (EdD)
Curriculum and Instruction
First Advisor's Name
First Advisor's Committee Title
Second Advisor's Name
Delia C. Garcia
Third Advisor's Name
Fourth Advisor's Name
sex, achievement, reading, motivation, Hispanic students, fourth graders
Date of Defense
This study explored the topic of motivation for intermediate students combining both an objective criterion measure (i.e., standardized test scores) and the self-report of students on self-concept and value of reading. The purpose of this study was to examine how third grade reading achievement correlated with the motivation of fourth grade boys and girls, and, in turn, how motivation related to fourth grade reading achievement.
The participants were fourth grade students (n=207) attending two public, elementary schools in Miami-Dade County who were of primarily Hispanic origin or descent. Data were collected using the Reading Survey portion of the Motivation to Read Profile (1996) which measures self-concept and value of reading in order to measure motivation and the Third and Fourth Grade Reading Florida Comprehensive Assessment Tests 2.0 (FCAT 2.0) to assess achievement. First, a one way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) was conducted to determine whether motivation differed significantly between fourth grade boys and girls. Second, a path analysis was used to determine whether motivation mediated or moderated the association between FCAT 2.0 third and fourth grade scores.
Results of the ANOVA indicated that motivation, as measured by the Motivation to Read Profile did not differ significantly by sex. Results from the path analysis indicated that the model was significant and that third grade FCAT 2.0 scores accounted for a significant amount of the variance in fourth grade FCAT 2.0 scores once motivation was entered. Results of the study demonstrated that motivation partially mediates, but does not moderate the relationship between FCAT 2.0 third and fourth grade scores.
In conclusion, it can be determined that past student achievement for fourth grade students plays a role in current student achievement when motivation is also considered. It is therefore important in order to improve the quality of fourth grade student’s current performance to take into account a student’s motivation and past achievement. An effort must be made to address students’ motivational needs whether through school wide programs or at the classroom level in addition or in conjunction with cognition. Future research on the effect of self-concept in reading achievement is recommended.
del Rio, Vivian M., "Effects of Sex, Third Grade Reading Achievement and Motivation as Predictors of Fourth Grade Reading Achievement of Hispanic Students: A Path Analysis" (2013). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1015.
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