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Any sun exposure one receives is considered a future risk related to the development of skin cancer. The color of one’s skin and an individual’s race are two key factors that can greatly contribute to one’s potential risk. Young adults have been shown to participate in risky behaviors. Racially diverse individuals are noted to have decreased knowledge related to sun safety and practicing protective behaviors. This quality improvement (QI) project was implemented in a virtual setting within a majority minority serving urban university. Participants included Florida International University’s (FIU) students.
A comprehensive literature search was completed and it revealed a total of 67 articles. After considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria, eight articles were selected. The studies emphasized the importance of increasing primary prevention strategies in young adult racially diverse individuals. The findings of the literature review were utilized to create a QI project with the goal to raise awareness regarding sun exposure risk and to promote sun protective behaviors within a racially diverse young adult population. An evidenced based educational intervention was developed through Screencast-O-Matic, an interactive video program. A pre-test survey and a post-test survey were implemented to assess current knowledge, behaviors and beliefs compared to knowledge advancement and willingness to spread awareness. Overall, the results of the QI project concluded that there is a vast knowledge deficiency regarding sun safety inclusive to gender, race and age. Moreover, with the support of a targeted educational intervention, knowledge development and primary prevention strategies were significantly increased.
Palumbo, Alexandra Jade and Framil, C. Victoria, "Evaluation of an Educational Intervention Regarding the Importance of Practicing Sun Protective Behaviors Among Racially Diverse College Students: A Quality Improvement Project" (2021). Nicole Wertheim College of Nursing Student Projects. 64.