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We present a direct Monte Carlo determination of the scaling dimension of a topological defect operator in the infrared fixed point of a three-dimensional interacting quantum field theory. For this, we compute the free energy to introduce the background gauge field of the Q=1 monopole-antimonopole pair in three-dimensional noncompact QED with N=2, 4 and 12 flavors of massless two-component fermions, and study its asymptotic logarithmic dependence on the monopole-antimonopole separation. We estimate the scaling dimension in the N=12 case to be consistent with the large-N (free fermion) value. We find the deviations from this large-N value for N=2 and 4 are positive but small, implying that the higher-order corrections in the large-N expansion become mildly important for N=2, 4.
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Karthik, Nikhil and Narayanan, Rajamani, "Numerical determination of monopole scaling dimension in parity-invariant three-dimensional noncompact QED" (2019). Department of Physics. 84.
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