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Inadequate provision of public transportation services can lead to mobility-related social exclusion for disadvantaged population groups (e.g., lower-income families, the elderly), and limited accessibility to jobs, healthy food, and recreational as well as social activities. The aim of this study is to identify areas in Miami-Dade County, Florida, where disadvantaged populations lack transit-based access to these opportunities, and where transit service improvement could benefit these groups especially. This involves developing a transit-based accessibility index which uses timetable data from three public transit agencies. It also entails devising a vulnerability index based on a combination of socioeconomic variables to identify disadvantaged population groups with regards to mobility. Both indices can be combined into a service provision score which quantifies the presence of populations in need of transit service improvements. Results show that the combination of the different index maps and the application of Hotspot analysis can help to identify areas requiring transit service improvement in order to achieve accessibility equity. The analysis and interpretation of accessibility maps and selected demographic layers, such as percentage of households without vehicle, facilitates the identification of areas with above-average rates of users who rely on public transportation.



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