Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
First Advisor's Name
First Advisor's Committee Title
Second Advisor's Name
Second Advisor's Committee Title
Third Advisor's Name
Third Advisor's Committee Title
Fourth Advisor's Name
Fourth Advisor's Committee Title
Fifth Advisor's Name
Fifth Advisor's Committee Title
pavement, reclaimed asphalt, rejuvenator
Date of Defense
The use of reclaimed asphalt pavement (RAP) in the pavement industry continues to grow as it is an economically and environmentally beneficial proposition. However, a survey conducted by the Federal Highway Administration shows that the average RAP content in the hot mix used in the United States is only 10–20%, even though specifications allow up to 30%. The primary performance drawback of using a high percentage RAP is cracking distresses. This research is an effort to investigate whether basalt fiber and waste vegetable oil (WO) can improve the low and intermediate temperature cracking behavior of a 100% RAP mixture. Bending beam rheometer (BBR) and the indirect tension asphalt cracking (IDEAL-CT) tests were conducted to measure cracking performance at low and intermediate temperatures, respectively. The rutting performance was controlled using an asphalt pavement analyzer (APA). Four control mixtures and 18 types of mixture consisting of two nominal maximum aggregate sizes (NMAS), three different fiber lengths (3, 6, and 12mm), and three fiber content (0.10, 0.30, and 0.60% by the weight of the mixture), were prepared. It was observed that for mixtures containing fiber, the inflection point at the post-peak part of the load-displacement curve at 25°C occurs at 69% percent of the peak load. Also, a novel method to determine mixture thermal cracking using BBR test results was proposed; ΔTc concept, formerly used for binder thermal evaluation, was utilized for mixture thermal characterizations. Results indicate that ΔTc and rutting depth are not significantly affected by fiber length (FL). On the other hand, CTindex was found a function of both fiber content (FC) and FL. Results showed that NMAS-to-FL ratio of approximately 1.6, results in the highest CTindex for all basalt FC. Also, using proper FC and FL, the fatigue and thermal cracking resistance could be improved up to 110 and 136%, respectively. Finally, a performance-based mix design procedure is prepared for designing a 100%RAP mixture containing fiber and rejuvenator.
Haddadi, Farshad, "Evaluating Fatigue Resistance of the Fiber-reinforced 100% RAP Content Asphalt Mixture Rejuvenated with Waste Vegetable Oil" (2022). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 4979.
In Copyright. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).