Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
First Advisor's Name
Dr. Mohiaddin Mesbahi
First Advisor's Committee Title
Second Advisor's Name
Dr. Thomas Breslin
Second Advisor's Committee Title
Third Advisor's Name
Dr. Eric Lob
Third Advisor's Committee Title
Fourth Advisor's Name
Dr. Iqbal Akhtar
Fourth Advisor's Committee Title
Shia Ulama, Clerical institution, Non-state actor
Date of Defense
The research analyzes the institution of Shia Maraaj’e (highest authorities on religious laws in Twelver Shia Islam) as a transnational framework to diffuse the authority of the Maraaj’e in the global Shia community. As an evolving transnational actor, this clerical institution pursues to expand its authority on the national and transnational levels. This research addresses the social, political, and economic aspects of the transnational institution of the Shia Maraaj’e in Iran and explains the implication of transnational linkages since the inception of the institute to the contemporary era.
The institution of Shia clergy organizes the main transnational framework to expand the authority of the ulama in the Shia community. This institution is in relationship with other clerical organizations, the Maraaj’e, and Shia groups across the nation-state boundaries. This research addresses the social, political, and economic aspects of the transnational institution of Shia clergy in Iran and explains the implication of transnational linkages beyond the concept of the nation-state. It attempts to provide a novel framework in elevating the institutional influence and reach of Shia Islam’s highest clerical authority beyond Westphalian national boundaries and its policy implications during the modern nation-state era.
In this research, I will explain the transnational activities of ulama in the Shia community (ummah) and their relations with other states and non-state actors. I address the evolution of the clerical institution from the beginning of Islam to contemporary history. This research studies the actors, processes, and tools that the Maraaj’e institution utilized to build its authority.
Namatpour, Ali, "The Transnational Shia Ulama: Genealogy, Historical Evolution, and Contemporary Implications" (2022). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 4938.
Available for download on Friday, March 15, 2024
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