Document Type



Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor's Name

Michael Patrick Gillespie

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee chair

Second Advisor's Name

James M. Sutton

Second Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Third Advisor's Name

Maneck H. Daruwala

Third Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member


English language and literature

Date of Defense



This thesis explores how the identities of protagonists and antagonists are constructed in Bram Stoker’s Dracula and Frictional Games’ Amnesia: The Dark Descent. Through analyzing the Gothic genre, racial constructs, and Ideological State Apparatuses, a system that uses social and cultural institutions to control populations of people, this thesis concludes that the protagonists’ identities are more pronounced than that of the antagonists’. The Gothic genre requires protagonists to overcome a supernatural force, so they are already given the limelight in the narrative, the most exposure to a reader. Additionally, both media use racial constructs to pit the protagonists against the antagonists, rosy-coloring the former and othering the latter. Lastly, Dracula and Amnesia: The Dark Descent are ISAs that control the characters and what they do. As a result, all characters are subjects to their world without a say-so in their fates and destinies in the narrative.





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