Document Type



Master of Science (MS)


Speech-Language Pathology

First Advisor's Name

Dr.Alliete Alfano

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Dr. Monica Hough

Second Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Third Advisor's Name

Dr. Eliane Ramos

Third Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member


language, spanish-speaking parents, conversation

Date of Defense



The purpose of this thesis was to analyze adult language in Spanish-speaking parents who are English second language learners, during conversations with their children in both Spanish-only and English-only play sessions. Specifically, the purpose of this study was to determine the difference in the parents’ Spanish and English skills across a variety of different variables such as mean length of utterance in words (MLU-w), number of total words (NTW), number of different words (NTD), type-token ratio (TTR), mazes, and complex sentences.

A total of 11 participants above the age of 18 years old with children between 12-46 months of age participated in the study. Parents’ used significantly more words and different types of words when speaking Spanish versus when speaking English. The results of the study demonstrated that parents indeed expose children to more and richer language when they are speaking their native language (Spanish), versus their second language (English).





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