Randomized Clinical Trial of The Effect of Oral Supplementation with N-acetyl Cysteine and Glycine on Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in People Living with HIV (PLWH) from the MASH cohort
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Dietetics and Nutrition
First Advisor's Name
First Advisor's Committee Title
Second Advisor's Name
Marianna K. Baum
Second Advisor's Committee Title
Third Advisor's Name
Fatma G. Huffman
Third Advisor's Committee Title
Fourth Advisor's Name
Marcus S. Cooke
Fourth Advisor's Committee Title
Fifth Advisor's Name
Fifth Advisor's Committee Title
HIV, oxidative stress, GSH, DNA damage
Date of Defense
HIV infection has been associated with glutathione (GSH) depletion, oxidatively damaged DNA, and inflammation. People living with HIV (PLWH) have subnormal levels of GSH and elevated levels of inflammation biomarkers such as C-Reactive Protein (CRP). Failure of the antioxidant enzymatic system increases oxidatively damaged DNA. The objective of this double-blinded randomized clinical trial was to supplement PLWH with a combination of N-acetylcysteine, a powerful antioxidant, and glycine, a precursor of GSH or placebo for three months to decrease oxidative stress and inflammation.
The trial recruited 30 PLWH from the Miami Adult Studies on HIV (MASH) cohort at the FIU Research clinic in the Borinquen Health Center, Miami-Dade, Florida. Participants were on stable ART, have undetectable HIV viral load, CD4 count ≥500 cells/µL, old, BMI ≤30 kg/m2, and free of co-morbid diseases. Cocaine was used by 50% of the participants and cocaine users were equally distributed between the intervention and placebo groups. We collected anthropometric measurements, pill count, CRP, demographics, and blood samples. The alkaline and enzyme modified comet assay was performed in whole blood to assess levels of oxidatively damaged DNA (SB/ALS, SB/ALS + oxidized purines, and oxidized purines only), and GSH was assessed using the Arbor Assay Glutathione Colorimetric. Supplementation significantly reduced levels of AS/ALS + oxidized purines (p=0.005)and SB/ALS (p=0.05). There was a direct correlation between BMI and SB/ALS (r= 0.585, p=0.009). Pill adherence was significantly associated with supplementation (β= -0.591, p=0.001), 75% in the intervention group were adherent. Oxidized glutathione (GSSG) decreased after supplementation, yet did not reach significance. Post-supplementation CRP significantly decreased among male gender (p=0.011), and was associated with decreased % body fat (p=0.022), BMI (p=0.004), and GSSG (p=0.019). Cocaine use was associated with lower CD4 cell counts (p=0.045) at baseline. Supplementing was effective in reducing levels of oxidatively damaged DNA and biomarkers of inflammation, and it also decreased body fat % and GSSG among PLWH from the MASH cohort.
Al-Ohaly, Alhanoof, "Randomized Clinical Trial of The Effect of Oral Supplementation with N-acetyl Cysteine and Glycine on Biomarkers of Oxidative Stress and Inflammation in People Living with HIV (PLWH) from the MASH cohort" (2020). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 4409.
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