Document Type



Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Public Affairs

First Advisor's Name

Jean-Claude Garcia-Zamor

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee chair

Second Advisor's Name

Howard Frank

Second Advisor's Committee Title

Committee member

Third Advisor's Name

Kieth Revell

Third Advisor's Committee Title

Committee member

Fourth Advisor's Name

Erik Camayd-Freixas

Fourth Advisor's Committee Title

Committee member

Fifth Advisor's Name

Rodolphe el-Khoury

Fifth Advisor's Committee Title

Committee member


architectural history and criticism, environmental design, historic preservation and conservation, public history, theory, and methods, public administration, public affairs, public policy, and public administration, public policy, social and behavioral sciences, urban, community and regional planning, urban studies

Date of Defense



This dissertation explores the role aspirational content on democracy and bureaucracy for governance of place in the United States. Place is a fundamental concept for municipal democracy and bureaucracy, as it defines the physical qualities of a community and their effect on people and quality of life. Smart Place would update theory and practices for local governance. Research reviewed process and content for the implementation of place, a gap in public administration theory. Literature review, historical research on 20th century planning and zoning, research on 1920’s best practices on architecture and archival, qualitative findings and quantitative data on Coral Gables, Florida provided evidence for theory and practice recommendations related to timeless qualities of place and innovative smart strategies. Analysis of findings led to the following generalized conclusions:

  1. Aspirational content should guide best practices for local democracy and bureaucracy on issues related to place.
  2. Governance of smart place should replace conventional planning and zoning.





Rights Statement

Rights Statement

In Copyright. URI:
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).