Boron Nitride Nanotube Reinforced Titanium Composite with Controlled Interfacial Reactions by Spark Plasma Sintering
Master of Science (MS)
Materials Science and Engineering
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Boron Nitride Nanotubes, interfacial reactions, Titanium composite, spark plasma sintering, dispersion of BNNT
Date of Defense
In this study, Boron Nitride Nanotube (BNNT) reinforced Titanium matrix composites are synthesized by Spark Plasma Sintering. Two main challenges directly affecting the mechanical performance of BNNT-metal matrix composites are addressed:(i) Homogenous dispersion of high surface energy BNNTs, and (ii) Controlling interfacial reactions at the metal/nanotube interface. High-energy ultrasonication induced dispersion resulted in the functionalization of BNNTs by -OH radicals proving its suitability over surfactant assisted dispersion routes. The sintering of Ti (99% relative density) was achieved at 50% less processing temperature than those used in conventional sintering to minimize interfacial reactions when reinforced with BNNTs. The reduction of temperatures in addition to the reduction (by 91%) in processing times was shown to control reaction phases. Bulk compressive yield strengths of Ti-BNNT sintered at low (750oC) and high (950oC) temperatures were improved by 21% and 50% respectively, as compared to Ti alloy without reinforcement. Twin boundaries, pinning of dislocations by BNNTs, and crack bridging were strengthening mechanisms identified in the composites.
Bustillos, Jenniffer, "Boron Nitride Nanotube Reinforced Titanium Composite with Controlled Interfacial Reactions by Spark Plasma Sintering" (2019). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 4241.
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