Master of Science (MS)
First Advisor's Name
A. Selcuk Uluagac
First Advisor's Committee Title
Second Advisor's Name
Second Advisor's Committee Title
Third Advisor's Name
Alexander Perez Pons
Third Advisor's Committee Title
smart grid security machine learning signal convolution
Date of Defense
The smart grid concept has further transformed the traditional power grid into a massive cyber-physical system that depends on advanced two-way communication infrastructure. While the introduction of cyber components has improved the grid, it has also broadened the attack surface. In particular, the threat stemming from compromised devices pose a significant danger: An attacker can control the devices to change the behavior of the grid and can impact the measurements or damage the grid equipment. In this thesis, to detect such malicious smart grid devices, we propose a novel machine learning and convolution-based framework, named PowerWatch, that is able to run in centralized and distributed settings. After gathering library and system calls, the framework is able to identify how close the observed device is behaving with respect to its normal operations, with mispredictions having the implication of compromise. We evaluated the framework through a state-machine-based computational model of the smart grid devices that explore a wide variety of possible cases that may occur in grid operations: attaining 95.1% accuracy at 0.03% false positive rate over 37500 experiments. The framework was then further tested on a realistic smart grid testbed, where it was able to successfully detect the compromised device in every attack scenario considered in the threat model.
Kaygusuz, Cengiz, "Centralized and Distributed Detection of Compromised Smart Grid Devices using Machine Learning and Convolution Techniques" (2019). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 4219.
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