Document Type

Dissertation

Degree

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Major/Program

International Relations

First Advisor's Name

Mohiaddin Mesbahi

First Advisor's Committee Title

committee chair

Second Advisor's Name

Thomas A. Breslin

Second Advisor's Committee Title

committee member

Third Advisor's Name

Ronald W. Cox

Third Advisor's Committee Title

committee member

Fourth Advisor's Name

Steven Heine

Fourth Advisor's Committee Title

committee member

Keywords

Japanese foreign policy, Japan and Islam, Islam and security, securitization, geopolitics, pan-Asianism, clash of civilizations, resource politics, competing visions of Asia

Date of Defense

2-27-2019

Abstract

In 2006, Japanese Foreign Minister Asō Tarō outlined a new pillar of Japan’s foreign policy across Asia he called the ‘Arc of Freedom and Prosperity.’ The Arc would become the most lucid case for values-based diplomacy elaborated by Tokyo in the postwar era. It is a significant change from what was both a constrained and myopic approach for a state of such global economic influence and substantial diplomatic potential. In practice, however, is Japan’s values-based diplomacy actually working? How is Tokyo grappling with reconceptualizing an Asia inclusive of Muslim societies in a time when the global metanarrative is to protect against Islam?

Emphasis in this project is placed on Tokyo’s foreign policy with Muslim states along this Arc. The key research question in this project is: “How does Japan’s new conceptualization of Asia reconcile with its securitization of Islam?” Based on the two variables set in the research question, the project is divided into two parts: ‘Conceptualization,’ and ‘Strategy.’ ‘Conceptualization’ seeks to grasp Japan’s vision for Asia, and its role in the region. ‘Strategy’ builds on that, and surveys Japan’s relations with Muslim Asia through five facets of interactions.

This project relies heavily on three types of data sources: statements from political elites, influential think tanks in Japan, and leading Japanese academic scholars. Of particular value among statements from political elites are those from the Prime Minister’s office and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Primary sources in the Japanese language and intended for Japanese readers are used as a research tool. Content analysis software is utilized to analyze and code texts within cases from these sources to reinforce the strength of the arguments made. By applying typological theory to refine conclusions from observations, this project shows that Japan’s securitization of Islam is distinct from Western, Russia, or Chinese securitization. Moreover, it demonstrates four concurrent views of Islam in Asia evident in Japan’s foreign policy and strategy.

Identifier

FIDC007063

Available for download on Sunday, January 31, 2021

Share

COinS
 

Rights Statement

Rights Statement

In Copyright. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).