Document Type



Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Electrical Engineering

First Advisor's Name

Grover L. Larkins

First Advisor's Committee Title

Co-Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Jean H. Andrian

Second Advisor's Committee Title

Co-Committee Chair

Third Advisor's Name

John L. Volakis

Third Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Fourth Advisor's Name

Sakhrat Khizroev

Fourth Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Fifth Advisor's Name

Pete E. C. Markowitz

Fifth Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Sixth Advisor's Name

Yuriy A. Vlasov

Sixth Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member


Superconductivity, Superconductor, Graphene, Charge Carrier Transport, Nernst, BKT, 2D material, Vortex, Vortices, Magnetic

Date of Defense



Evidence of superconductivity in phosphorous-doped graphite and graphene has been observed at temperatures in the vicinity of 260 K. This evidence includes transport current, magnetic susceptibility, Hall and Nernst measurements. All of these measurements indicate a transition of a type II superconductor without a phase of type I until below the limits of the measurement capabilities.

Vortex states are inferred from periodically repeated steps in the R vs. T characteristics of Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite and exfoliated doped multilayer graphene. The presence of vortices has been confirmed with thermal gradient driven Nernst measurements. Magnetic susceptibility measurements have shown results qualitatively similar to those expected (and experimentally observed by others) for ultra-thin films (thickness << the London penetration depth). The magnetic susceptibility is negative for field-cooled and zero-field-cooled measurements. The susceptibility for field-cooled and zero-field-cooled measurements begin to diverge at approximately 260 K. Hall effect measurements show a sign reversal in the Hall voltage as the temperature is reduced from 300 K to 78 K. The Nernst effect confirms a Berezinskii-Kosterlitz-Thouless (BKT) vortex transition at T~ 40 K and several pinned vortices’ melting temperatures which correlate with the resistive measurements.

Finally, in completeness, we have observed a charge BKT transition at T~ 4 K in both susceptibility and resistive measurements, and a vortex BKT transition in both the resistive, Nernst, and susceptibility measurements at T~ 40 K.





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