Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
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Sundaraja Sitharama Iyengar
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Middleboxes, such as firewalls, Network Address Translators (NATs), Wide Area Network (WAN) optimizers, or Deep Packet Inspector (DPIs), are widely deployed in modern networks to improve network security and performance. Traditional middleboxes are typically hardware based, which are expensive and closed systems with little extensibility. Furthermore, they are developed by different vendors and deployed as standalone devices with little scalability. As the development of networks in scale, the limitations of traditional middleboxes bring great challenges in middlebox deployments.
Network Function Virtualization (NFV) technology provides a promising alternative, which enables flexible deployment of middleboxes, as virtual machines (VMs) running on standard servers. However, the flexibility also creates a challenge for efficiently placing such middleboxes, due to the availability of multiple hosting servers, capabilities of middleboxes to change traffic volumes, and dependency between middleboxes. In our first two work, we addressed the optimal placement challenge of NFV middleboxes by considering middlebox traffic changing effects and dependency relations. Since each VM has only a limited processing capacity restricted by its available resources, multiple instances of the same function are necessary in an NFV network. Thus, routing in an NFV network is also a challenge to determine not only via a path from the source to destination but also the service (middlebox) locations. Furthermore, the challenge is complicated by the traffic changing effects of NFV services and dependency relations between them. In our third work, we studied how to efficiently route a flow to receive services in an NFV network.
We conducted large-scale simulations to evaluate our proposed solutions, and also implemented a Software-Defined Networking (SDN) based prototype to validate the solutions in realistic environments. Extensive simulation and experiment results have been fully demonstrated the effectiveness of our design.
Ma, Wenrui, "Traffic-Aware Deployment of Interdependent NFV Middleboxes in Software-Defined Networks" (2018). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 3710.
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