The use of social statistics for purposes of legitimation and foreign policy by the Cuban government

Document Type



Master of Arts (MA)


International Studies

First Advisor's Name

Damian Fernandez

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Lisandro Perez

Third Advisor's Name

Ralph Clem

Date of Defense



The Cuban government, like other Marxist systems, derives its legitimacy in part by the provision of social welfare. The expansion of government needed to encompass all of the welfare services, produces a disproportionate need on legitimacy as proposed by Jurgen Habermas. Through the government's control of the media, social statistics have been used to satisfy the legitimacy needs of the state. Statistical categories with political value are especially susceptible to government manipulation.

Furthermore, the economic crisis brought about by the collapse of the Soviet Union, has produced changes in the Cuban government's campaign for legitimacy. The crisis conditions have prompted the government to promote international solidarity for both internal and external reasons. The traditional invocation of achievements in health and education have been reduced to a less prominant role.



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