Trains, planes, and ships : machine culture and the cityscape in Hart Crane's The bridge

Document Type



Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor's Name

Richard P. Sugg

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Bruce A. Harvey

Third Advisor's Name

Denise Duhamel

Date of Defense



The focus of this thesis is Hart Crane’s The Bridge (1930), a work that examines America’s early twentieth-century mechanical advancements. Four inventions are the inspiration behind the poem and have been examined closely in this study: suspension bridges, trains, ships, and airplanes. The modernist era was characterized by rapid cultural changes that resulted from scientific improvements, mechanical progress, mass population shifts, and a world war, —all subjects Crane addresses in The Bridge. Contemporary readers may acknowledge the importance of The Bridge when read through the technological perspective described herein. In the modern world, railways, ships, and airplanes created new frontiers— as well as problems. In poetry, new fields of perception, pathways for individual points of view, and opportunities for artistic endeavors were created when the commotion of the cityscape and machine were incorporated into twentieth century poetry.



This document is currently not available here.



Rights Statement

Rights Statement

In Copyright. URI:
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).