Xue WangFollow

Document Type



Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Electrical Engineering

First Advisor's Name

Malek Adjouadi

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee chair

Second Advisor's Name

Jean H. Andrian

Second Advisor's Committee Title

Committee member

Third Advisor's Name

Armando Barreto

Third Advisor's Committee Title

Committee member

Fourth Advisor's Name

Mercedes Cabrerizo

Fourth Advisor's Committee Title

Committee member

Fifth Advisor's Name

Naphtali Rishe

Fifth Advisor's Committee Title

Committee member


Image registration, CT, MRI, PET, whole-body, brain

Date of Defense



Registration of medical imaging is essential for aligning in time and space different modalities and hence consolidating their strengths for enhanced diagnosis and for the effective planning of treatment or therapeutic interventions. The primary objective of this study is to develop an integrated registration method that is effective for registering both brain and whole-body images. We seek in the proposed method to combine in one setting the excellent registration results that FMRIB Software Library (FSL) produces with brain images and the excellent results of Statistical Parametric Mapping (SPM) when registering whole-body images. To assess attainment of these objectives, the following registration tasks were performed: (1) FDG_CT with FLT_CT images, (2) pre-operation MRI with intra-operation CT images, (3) brain only MRI with corresponding PET images, and (4) MRI T1 with T2, T1 with FLAIR, and T1 with GE images. Then, the results of the proposed method will be compared to those obtained using existing state-of-the-art registration methods such as SPM and FSL.

Initially, three slices were chosen from the reference image, and the normalized mutual information (NMI) was calculated between each of them for every slice in the moving image. The three pairs with the highest NMI values were chosen. The wavelet decomposition method is applied to minimize the computational requirements. An initial search applying a genetic algorithm is conducted on the three pairs to obtain three sets of registration parameters. The Powell method is applied to reference and moving images to validate the three sets of registration parameters. A linear interpolation method is then used to obtain the registration parameters for all remaining slices. Finally, the aligned registered image with the reference image were displayed to show the different performances of the 3 methods, namely the proposed method, SPM and FSL by gauging the average NMI values obtained in the registration results. Visual observations are also provided in support of these NMI values. For comparative purposes, tests using different multi-modal imaging platforms are performed.





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