Document Type



Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor's Name

Mitchell Hart

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Benjiman Webb

Third Advisor's Name

Joseph Patrouch

Date of Defense



This study examines the Viennese satirist Karl Kraus and his responses to the "Jewish Question" and anti- Semitism. Through a comprehensive analysis of his major works, this project reveals Kraus's underlying views on Jewish identity and his ideas for resolving the "Jewish Question." Kraus attacked acculturated German-speaking Jews for "failing" to assimilate into society. In his mind, the bourgeois Jewish intellectuals had retreated into a "transparent ghetto" of aesthetic values, literary expression, and capitalist-materialism, represented by the "Jewish" press. For Kraus, anti-Semitism persisted because the Jews maintained their status as "Jews," and therefore could not assimilate into Viennese society. His solution to this "faulty" assimilation was to renounce all ties to Judaism and adopt Viennese culture completely.



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