The identification of specific job stressors as perceived by occupational therapists and their relationship to job strains

Document Type



Master of Science (MS)


Occupational Therapy

First Advisor's Name

Susan Kaplan

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

James Mills

Third Advisor's Name

Paulette Johnson

Date of Defense



The current study assessed the perceived severity of six job stressors and three job strains from a national sample of 300 occupational therapists. The perceived severity of these stressors and strains and their relationships were evaluated across different settings.

One hundred and sixty three therapists participated in this study. The data used to assess the study's hypotheses were subjected to analyses of variance and correlational analyses. Results indicated that therapists report higher than average levels on three of the six stressor measures, moderate turnover intentions, high satisfaction levels and minor health symptoms.

Analyses of variance revealed several significant differences across settings. Specifically, therapists employed in the geriatric setting perceived greater levels of three of the stressor variables and two of the strain measures when compared to their counterparts. Finally, of the eighteen possible stressor-strain relationships, seventeen were found to be statistically significant.



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