The effect of vision congruence on employee empowerment, commitment, satisfaction, and performance

Document Type



Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Human Resource Management

First Advisor's Name

Dana Farrow

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Tom Keon

Third Advisor's Name

Richard M. Hodgetts

Fourth Advisor's Name

Juan I. Sanchez

Fifth Advisor's Name

K. Galen Kroeck


Psychology, Industrial, Employee motivation, Employee morale

Date of Defense



Five models delineating the person-situation fit controversy were developed and tested. Hypotheses were tested to determine the linkages between vision congruence, empowerment, locus of control, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and employee performance. Vision was defined as a mental image of a possible and desirable future state of the organization.

Data were collected from 213 employees in a major flower import company. Participants were from various organizational levels and ethnic backgrounds. The data collection procedure consisted of three parts. First, a profile analysis instrument was used which was developed employing a Q-sort based technique, to measure the vision congruence between the CEO and each employee. Second, employees completed a survey instrument which included scales measuring empowerment, locus of control, job satisfaction, organizational commitment, and social desirability. Third, supervisor performance ratings were gathered from employee files. Data analysis consisted of using Kendall's tau to measure the correlation between CEO's and each employee's vision. Path analyses were conducted using the EQS structural equation program to test five theoretical models for goodness-of-fit. Regression analysis was employed to test whether locus of control acted as a moderator variable.

The results showed that vision congruence is significantly related to job satisfaction and employee commitment, and perceived empowerment acts as an intervening variable affecting employee outcomes. The study also found that people with an internal locus of control were more likely to feel empowered than were those with external beliefs. Implications of these findings for both researchers and practitioners are discussed and suggestions for future research directions are provided.



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