Frecuency and value of role performance in the Icelandic population

Document Type



Master of Science (MS)


Occupational Therapy

First Advisor's Name

Pamela Shaffner

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Ann Marie Knecht

Third Advisor's Name

Paulette Johnson

Date of Defense



Roles organize occupational behavior. They influence time use, performance, manner, style, and content of interaction with others. It is assumed that knowledge of occupational role performance in the general population of Iceland will enable occupational therapists to be more effective in enabling a client's role performance. The purpose of this study was to add to the Icelandic occupational therapists' knowledge base about role performance among the Icelandic population. A random sample of 149 Icelandic subjects, with an age range of 18 to 75 years, was surveyed about the frequency, value, and change in value of role performance in ten occupational roles over time. Results indicated that the most frequently performed roles were: worker, family member, home maintainer, caregiver, and friend. The most valued roles were family member, worker, caregiver, friend, and student. Significant differences were found between various demographic variables and the frequency and value of occupational role performance.



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