Evaluation of Cryofocusing Capillary Microextraction of Volatiles for Improved Detection of Organic Gunshot Residue on the Hands of Shooters
Master of Science (MS)
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capillary microextraction of volatiles (CMV), gunshot residue, GC-MS, cryofocusing, headspace extraction
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The capillary microextraction of volatiles (CMV) device was equipped with a novel Peltier cooler to investigate cryofocused extraction of organic gunshot residue (OGSR) for the first time. Prior research demonstrated the CMV’s capabilities for detecting nitroglycerin, 2,4-dinitrotoluene, diphenylamine, and ethyl centralite on shooters’ hands via gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Further method development increased the recoveries of these four target compounds with an optimal 20-minute equilibrium time at 80˚C followed by extracting 3 L at a 1 L/min flow rate. The Cryo-CMV was evaluated for detection of semi-volatile OGSR compounds. The unique challenges presented with sampling of semi-volatiles were overcome by sample heating, applying high (>1 L/min) sampling flow rates and heating the transfer line between the container and cooled CMV. Cryofocusing at -10˚C provided increased recoveries for smokeless powders and OGSR compounds and therefore demonstrates excellent potential for other forensic applications with analysis of VOCs from fire debris and illicit drugs.
Mulloor, Jerome, "Evaluation of Cryofocusing Capillary Microextraction of Volatiles for Improved Detection of Organic Gunshot Residue on the Hands of Shooters" (2017). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 3197.
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