Document Type



Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor's Name

Joan Torres-Pou

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Aurora Morcillo

Third Advisor's Name

Maria Asuncion Gomez

Fourth Advisor's Name

Ricardo Castells

Date of Defense



This study analyzes Carmen de Burgos’ European travel literature, and focuses on two themes: education and travel literature as a literary genre. An examination of her travel literature reveals two essential elements related to her view of education. The first is the influence that the European educational system had on her way of thinking, particularly with respect to the idea of tolerance, the practice of hygiene, and the important role of nature in education. The second is the development of her view of education as the foundation for the emancipation of women in Spain. Carmen de Burgos espoused the view that the reform of the Spanish educational system was the primary and foundational goal to further social, political and economic progress of women in Spain at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th Century.

In the second part of this dissertation I support the theory that her travel literature was her main source to convey to Spanish women the need for social change. I do this by analyzing four properties that are considered characteristic of women’s travel literature: (1) the woman as a hero, (2) scientific authority of women, (3) feminine style, and (4) feminine content. I argue that Carmen de Burgos’s travel literature uses these properties to facilitate her access to women audiences and to assure that this audience regarded her as an authoritative voice.




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