Combined Computational-Experimental Design of High-Temperature, High-Intensity Permanent Magnetic Alloys with Minimal Addition of Rare-Earth Elements
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Materials Science and Engineering
First Advisor's Name
Professor George S. Dulikravich
First Advisor's Committee Title
Second Advisor's Name
Professor Arvind Agarwal
Second Advisor's Committee Title
Third Advisor's Name
Professor Nirupam Chakraborti
Third Advisor's Committee Title
Fourth Advisor's Name
Professor Sakhrat Khizroev
Fourth Advisor's Committee Title
Fifth Advisor's Name
Professor Surendra S. Saxena
Fifth Advisor's Committee Title
AlNiCo magnets, Data-driven Materials Science, Composition-property relationship, Materials Genome Initiative (MGI-ICME), Meta-model (Response Surfaces), Evolutionary (Genetic) Algorithms, Multi-objective Optimization, Pareto Optimality, Principal Component Analysis (PCA), Heirarchichal Clustering Analysis (HCA)
Date of Defense
AlNiCo magnets are known for high-temperature stability and superior corrosion resistance and have been widely used for various applications. Reported magnetic energy density ((BH) max) for these magnets is around 10 MGOe. Theoretical calculations show that ((BH) max) of 20 MGOe is achievable which will be helpful in covering the gap between AlNiCo and Rare-Earth Elements (REE) based magnets. An extended family of AlNiCo alloys was studied in this dissertation that consists of eight elements, and hence it is important to determine composition-property relationship between each of the alloying elements and their influence on the bulk properties.
In the present research, we proposed a novel approach to efficiently use a set of computational tools based on several concepts of artificial intelligence to address a complex problem of design and optimization of high temperature REE-free magnetic alloys. A multi-dimensional random number generation algorithm was used to generate the initial set of chemical concentrations. These alloys were then examined for phase equilibria and associated magnetic properties as a screening tool to form the initial set of alloy. These alloys were manufactured and tested for desired properties. These properties were fitted with a set of multi-dimensional response surfaces and the most accurate meta-models were chosen for prediction. These properties were simultaneously extremized by utilizing a set of multi-objective optimization algorithm. This provided a set of concentrations of each of the alloying elements for optimized properties. A few of the best predicted Pareto-optimal alloy compositions were then manufactured and tested to evaluate the predicted properties. These alloys were then added to the existing data set and used to improve the accuracy of meta-models. The multi-objective optimizer then used the new meta-models to find a new set of improved Pareto-optimized chemical concentrations. This design cycle was repeated twelve times in this work. Several of these Pareto-optimized alloys outperformed most of the candidate alloys on most of the objectives. Unsupervised learning methods such as Principal Component Analysis (PCA) and Heirarchical Cluster Analysis (HCA) were used to discover various patterns within the dataset. This proves the efficacy of the combined meta-modeling and experimental approach in design optimization of magnetic alloys.
Jha, Rajesh, "Combined Computational-Experimental Design of High-Temperature, High-Intensity Permanent Magnetic Alloys with Minimal Addition of Rare-Earth Elements" (2016). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 2621.
Categorical Data Analysis Commons, Design of Experiments and Sample Surveys Commons, Metallurgy Commons, Numerical Analysis and Scientific Computing Commons, Other Materials Science and Engineering Commons, Statistical Methodology Commons, Theory and Algorithms Commons
In Copyright. URI: http://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/
This Item is protected by copyright and/or related rights. You are free to use this Item in any way that is permitted by the copyright and related rights legislation that applies to your use. For other uses you need to obtain permission from the rights-holder(s).
This work was funded by "Air Force Office of Scientific Research (AFOSR), NM."
In the present research, we proposed a novel approach to efficiently use limited information from literature and experimental database and ways to couple it with a set of computational tools based on several concepts of artificial intelligence to address a complex problem of design and optimization of high temperature REE-free magnetic alloys.
Notable features of this work are as follows: