Document Type



Master of Arts (MA)



First Advisor's Name

Donna Aza Weir-Soley

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee chair

Second Advisor's Name

Heather Russell

Second Advisor's Committee Title

Committee member

Third Advisor's Name

Meri-Jane Rochelson

Third Advisor's Committee Title

Committee member


xenophobia, testimony, Danticat, Haiti, Dominican Republic

Date of Defense



The Farming of Bones is Edwidge Danticat’s novel about Amabelle Desir, a Haitian migrant in the Dominican Republic during the 1937 Haitian massacre. The Massacre is a historical fact presented through a fictional text that acts as a testimonial. The purpose of this thesis is to demonstrate how Danticat, in her role as an activist, urges readers to become social justice seekers and enter the discourse of race. Through an examination of Carl Jung’s and Vodou’s shadow theories in regards to the construction of a racial identity by Haitians and Dominicans, I uncover the racial narratives in place from Haiti’s colonization and independence to our current time. Danticat, through the novel, moves the reigning racial paradigm out of the shadow and thus allows readers to reflect on its effects. Thus it is not only the characters in the novel that must confront the shadow, but the readers themselves.





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