Kinetic rate constants for the formation of trihalomethanes in chlorinated ammonia containing ground water
Master of Science (MS)
First Advisor's Name
William J. Cooper
First Advisor's Committee Title
Second Advisor's Name
Martin E. Quirke
Third Advisor's Name
Gary L. Amy
Date of Defense
It is well established that trihalomethanes, in drinking water are byproducts of chlorine disinfection. A method to predict the distribution and concentration of trihalornethanes is important because of health risks associated with chronic exposure to these compounds. A literature review has provided information on the chemistry of water chlorination and a data base developed in the laboratory has provided data on trihalomethane formation under various conditions. These data were used to generate rate constants for the formation of trihalomethanes.
Trihalornethane formation kinetics appeared to be influenced primarily by the presence of ammonia. The influence of pH is not as profound as indicated in literature. The rate of formation is low at and before breakpoint, whereas it increases after breakpoint.
Casey, Lee S., "Kinetic rate constants for the formation of trihalomethanes in chlorinated ammonia containing ground water" (1985). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 2026.
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