Cooperation within nato: the influence of european democracies on U.S. foreign policy

Document Type



Master of Science (MS)


International Studies

First Advisor's Name

Paul Kowert

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Ralph S. Clem

Third Advisor's Name

Mohiaddin Mesbahi

Date of Defense



Two NATO allies, Great Britain and France, exerted greater influence on US foreign policy than most analysts assume. They did so even during the 1950s and early 1960s when the United States enjoyed undisputed economic and military supremacy in the alliance. This study hypothesizes that the British and French influence on US foreign policy is explained both by the existence of transnational and transgovernmental coalitions and by the cohesion of weak allies toward the alliance leader. Yet although both cohesion and coalitions are complementary in influencing US foreign policy, the relationship between coalitions and influence is more critical. To investigate the proposed relationships, the study relies on an analysis of three events during which both Great Britain and France challenged US policies: the Korean War, the Suez crisis, and the 1958-1963 test ban negotiations.



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