Attitudes and behaviors of pre-adolescents with diabetes toward fat -modified foods

Document Type



Master of Science (MS)


Dietetics and Nutrition

First Advisor's Name

Victoria Hammer Castellanos

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Valerie George

Third Advisor's Name

Dian Weddle

Date of Defense



Fat modified foods are widely available and have the potential to help individuals with diabetes, including children, achieve a lower total fat and saturated fat intake. Sixty-three pre-adolescents (10-13 years) with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM or Type I), and 60 without diabetes (boys, n=54; girls, n=69) were tested to determine their beliefs and attitudes towards high-fat and reduced-fat foods. In addition, both children and parents were asked about the child's use of low fat foods i.e., how often the parent bought or encouraged their child to eat reduced-fat food; how strongly the doctor or dietitian promoted the use of reduced-fat foods, and the child's concern about dietary fat. In this study, preadolescents with diabetes were not more likely than those without diabetes to use fat-modified foods. Parental and health care practitioner encouragement is associated with greater use of these products by children.



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