Document Type



Master of Science (MS)



First Advisor's Name

Jesse S. Michel

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Stefany Coxe

Second Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member

Third Advisor's Name

Chockalingam Viswesvaran

Third Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Member


work-family conflict, cross-cultural differences, socioeconomic status

Date of Defense



This study examines the role of race, socioeconomic status, and individualism-collectivism as moderators of the relationship between selected work and family antecedents and work-family conflict and evaluates the contribution of energy-based conflict to the work-family conflict (WFC) research. The study uses data obtained from a survey questionnaire given to 414 participants recruited from an online labor market. Study hypotheses were tested through structural equation modeling. The results indicate that while moderating effects were slight, a proposed model where energy-based conflict is included outperforms traditional time/strain/behavior-based models and that established variables may drop to non-significance when additional variables are included in prediction. In addition, novel individual difference variables such as individualism and collectivism were demonstrated to have effects beyond moderating antecedent-outcome relationships in the model. The findings imply that WFC models would benefit from the inclusion of variables found in the current study.





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