The impact of standards-based practices in mathematics on the achievement of low-performing students
Doctor of Education (EdD)
Curriculum and Instruction
First Advisor's Name
Peter J. Cistone
First Advisor's Committee Title
Second Advisor's Name
Dawn E. Addy
Third Advisor's Name
Maria L. Fernandez
Fourth Advisor's Name
Delia C. Garcia
Fifth Advisor's Name
Date of Defense
This study examined standards-based mathematics reform initiatives to determine if they would improve student achievement on the part of low-performing students. New curricula, the Carnegie Learning Cognitive Tutor®, were provided for algebra and geometry students. The new instructional strategy relied on both the teacher-led instruction and the use of computers to differentiate instruction for individual students. Mathematics teachers received ongoing professional development to help them implement the new curricula. In addition, teachers were provided with ongoing support to assist them with the transformation of the learning environments for students using standards-based practices. This quasi-experimental (nonrandomized) study involved teachers in two matched urban high schools.
Analyses (ANCOVAs) revealed that the experimental group with an appropriately implemented program had significantly higher learning gains than the comparison group as determined by the students' 2007 mathematics Developmental Scale Score (DSS). In addition, the experimental group's adjusted mean for the second interim mathematics assessment was significantly higher than the comparison group's mean. The findings support the idea that if the traditional curriculum is replaced with standards-based curriculum, and the curriculum is implemented as intended, low-performing students may make significant learning gains.
With respect to the teaching practices as observed with the Classroom Observation Protocol (COP), t-tests were conducted on four constructs. The results for both the algebra and geometry teachers on the constructs were not significant. The COP indicated that teachers in both the experimental and comparison groups used traditional instruction strategies in their classrooms. The analyses of covariance (ANCOVA) on the use of technology revealed no significant main effects for computer use.
Anglin, Marcus V., "The impact of standards-based practices in mathematics on the achievement of low-performing students" (2008). FIU Electronic Theses and Dissertations. 1291.
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