Document Type



Master of Arts (MA)


African and African Diaspora Studies

First Advisor's Name

Alexandra Cornelius

First Advisor's Committee Title

Graduate Program Director, African and African Diaspora Studies

Second Advisor's Name

April Merleaux

Second Advisor's Committee Title

Assistant Professor

Third Advisor's Name

Chantalle F. Verna

Third Advisor's Committee Title

Associate Professor


Union Patriotique, Black International, Harlem Renaissance, Anti-Imperialism, U.S. Occupation of Haiti, Migration, Translation, Diaspora, Anti-occupation, Activism

Date of Defense



On July 28, 1915 the United States began a nineteen year military occupation of Haiti. The occupation connected Haiti and the United States and created an avenue of migration in the country. As a consequence of extreme racism in the South and segregation in the Northern states, the majority of the immigrants moved to Harlem. The movement of people reinvigorated the relationship between African Americans and Haitians. The connection constituted an avenue of the interwar Black International. Using newspapers articles, letters, and press releases from the Schomburg Center for Research in Black Culture and the Yale Beinecke Rare Books and Manuscript Library I seek to examine the relationship between the two groups. The thesis demonstrates how they compared and contrasted the material conditions of the two cultures in order to promote solidarity. These common bonds, my thesis shows, were the basis for anti-occupation activism in the United States that was anti-imperialist and anti-capitalist.





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