Document Type



Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor's Name

Pete E.C. Markowitz

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

John J. LeRose

Third Advisor's Name

Lesley Northup

Fourth Advisor's Name

Brian Raue

Fifth Advisor's Name

Joerg Reinhold

Date of Defense



A high resolution study of the H(e,e'K+)Λ,Σ0 reaction was performed at Hall A, TJNAF as part of the hypernuclear experiment E94-107. One important ingredient to the measurement of the hypernuclear cross section is the elementary cross section for production of hyperons, Λ and Σ0. This reaction was studied using a hydrogen (i.e. a proton) target. Data were taken at very low Q2 (∼0.07 (GeV/c)2) and W∼2.2 GeV. Kaons were detected along the direction of q, the momentum transferred by the incident electron (θCM~6°). In addition, there are few data available regarding electroproduction of hyperons at low Q2 and θCM, and the available theoretical models differ significantly in this kinematical region of W. The measurement of the elementary cross section was performed by scaling the Monte Carlo cross section (MCEEP) with the experimental-to-simulated yield ratio. The Monte Carlo cross section includes an experimental fit and extrapolation from the existing data for electroproduction of hyperons. Moreover, the estimated transverse component of the electroproduction cross section of H(e,e'K+)Λ was compared to the different predictions of the theoretical models and exisiting data curves for photoproductions of hyperons. None of the models fully describe the cross-section results over the entire angular range. Furthermore, measurements of the Σ0/Λ production ratio were performed at θCM, where data are not available. Finally, data for the measurements of the differential cross sections and the Σ0/Λ production were binned in Q2, W and θCM to understand the dependence on these variables. These results are not only a fundamental contribution to the hypernuclear spectroscopy studies but also an important experimental measurement to constrain existing theoretical models for the elementary reaction.



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