Document Type



Master of Arts (MA)


International Studies

First Advisor's Name

Kenneth I. Boodhoo

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Eduardo Gamarra

Third Advisor's Name

Lisandro Perez

Date of Defense



This thesis examines the foreign policy of Venezuela during the period of the Betancourt Doctrine (1945-1948 and 1959-1963), and Caldera's Ideological Pluralism (1969-1973). The study seeks to determine whether, and to what extent the pursuit of political and economic interests and ideology determined Venezuela's foreign policy.

Based on primary and secondary sources, this study examines political economy and ideology and how these affected the outcome of Venezuela's foreign policy.

The major finding of this thesis is that Venezuelan foreign policy was a pragmatic one but it was rationalized within an ideological framework. In fact, Venezuela was most concerned in pursuing its domestic economic and political interests but these were hidden behind an ideological facade.





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