Active Fault-Tolerant Control Design for Nonlinear Systems

Ali Reza Abbaspour, Florida International University


Faults and failures in system components are the two main reasons for the instability and the degradation in control performance. In recent decades, fault-tolerant control (FTC) approaches were introduced to improve the resiliency of the control system against faults and failures. In general, FTC techniques are classified into two major groups: passive and active. Passive FTC systems do not rely on the fault information to control the system and are closely related to the robust control techniques while an active FTC system performs based on the information received from the fault detection and isolation (FDI) system, and the fault problem will be tackled more intelligently without affecting other parts of the system. This dissertation technically reviews fault and failure causes in control systems and finds solutions to compensate for their effects. Recent achievements in FDI approaches, and active and passive FTC designs are investigated. Thorough comparisons of several different aspects are conducted to understand the advantages and disadvantages of different FTC techniques to motivate researchers to further developing FTC, and FDI approaches. Then, a novel active FTC system framework based on online FDI is presented which has significant advantages in comparison with other state of the art FTC strategies. To design the proposed active FTC, a new FDI approach is introduced which uses the artificial neural network (ANN) and a model based observer to detect and isolate faults and failures in sensors and actuators. In addition, the extended Kalman filter (EKF) is introduced to tune ANN weights and improve the ANN performance. Then, the FDI signal combined with a nonlinear dynamic inversion (NDI) technique is used to compensate for the faults in the actuators and sensors of a nonlinear system. The proposed scheme detects and accommodates faults in the actuators and sensors of the system in real-time without the need of controller reconfiguration. The proposed active FTC approach is used to design a control system for three different applications: Unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), load frequency control system, and proton exchange membrane fuel cell (PEMFC) system. The performance of the designed controllers are investigated through numerical simulations by comparison with conventional control approaches, and their advantages are demonstrated.

Subject Area

Electrical engineering

Recommended Citation

Abbaspour, Ali Reza, "Active Fault-Tolerant Control Design for Nonlinear Systems" (2018). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. AAI27736362.