Fluid dynamics and platelet deposition in a model arterial stenosis

Michael Dean Langlais, Florida International University

Abstract

The objective of this study was to gain further understanding and elucidation of the fluid dynamic factors and flow-induced mechanisms of the thrombogenic process of platelet deposition onto, and possible subsequent embolization from, the walls of an arterial stenosis. This has been accomplished by measurement of the axial dependence of platelet deposition within a modeled arterial stenosis for a transitional flow and a completely laminar flow field. The stenotic region of the model was collagen-coated to simulate a damaged endothelial lining of an artery. Fluid dynamics within a stenosis was studied using qualitative flow visualization, and was further compared to the in vitro platelet deposition studies. Normalized platelet density (NPD) measurements indicate decreased levels of NPD in the high shear throat region of the stenosis for a Reynolds number of 300 and a drastic increase in NPD at the throat for a Reynolds number of 175. This study provides further understanding of the flow dynamic effects on thrombus development within a stenosis. ^

Subject Area

Engineering, Biomedical|Engineering, Mechanical|Biophysics, Medical

Recommended Citation

Langlais, Michael Dean, "Fluid dynamics and platelet deposition in a model arterial stenosis" (1996). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. AAI1383067.
https://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/dissertations/AAI1383067

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