Aspect Based Sentiment Analysis on Review Data

Wei Xue, Florida International University


With proliferation of user-generated reviews, new opportunities and challenges arise. The advance of Web technologies allows people to access a large amount of reviews of products and services online. Knowing what others like and dislike becomes increasingly important for their decision making in online shopping. The retailers also care more than ever about online reviews, because a vast pool of reviews enables them to monitor reputations and collect feedbacks efficiently. However, people often find difficult times in identifying and summarizing fine-grained sentiments buried in the opinion-rich resources. The traditional sentiment analysis, which focuses on the overall sentiments, fails to uncover the sentiments with regard to the aspects of the reviewed entities. This dissertation studied the research problem of Aspect Based Sentiment Analysis (ABSA), which is to reveal the aspect-dependent sentiment information of review text. ABSA consists of several subtasks: 1) aspect extraction, 2) aspect term extraction, 3) aspect category classification, and 4) sentiment polarity classification at aspect level. We focused on the approach of topic models and neural networks for ABSA. First, to extract the aspects from a collection of reviews and to detect the sentiment polarity regarding the aspects in each review, we proposed a few probabilistic graphical models, which can model words distribution in reviews and aspect ratings at the same time. Second, we presented a multi-task learning model based on long-short term memory and convolutional neural network for aspect category classification and aspect term extraction. Third, for aspect-level sentiment polarity classification, we developed a gated convolution neural network, which can be applied to aspect category sentiment analysis as well as aspect target sentiment analysis.

Subject Area

Computer Engineering

Recommended Citation

Xue, Wei, "Aspect Based Sentiment Analysis on Review Data" (2018). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. AAI10976942.