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OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the validity of hemoglobin A1C (A1C) as a diagnostic tool for type 2 diabetes and to determine the most appropriate A1C cutoff point for diagnosis in a sample of Haitian-Americans. SUBJECTS AND METHODS:
Subjects (n = 128) were recruited from Miami-Dade and Broward counties, FL. Receiver operating characteristics (ROC) analysis was run in order to measure sensitivity and specificity of A1C for detecting diabetes at different cutoff points.
RESULTS: The area under the ROC curve was 0.86 using fasting plasma glucose ≥ 7.0 mmol/L as the gold standard. An A1C cutoff point of 6.26% had sensitivity of 80% and specificity of 74%, whereas an A1C cutoff point of 6.50% (recommended by the American Diabetes Association – ADA) had sensitivity of 73% and specificity of 89%.
CONCLUSIONS: A1C is a reliable alternative to fasting plasma glucose in detecting diabetes in this sample of Haitian-Americans. A cutoff point of 6.26% was the optimum value to detect type 2 diabetes.
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Exebio, Joel C.; Zarini, Gustavo G.; Vaccaro, Joan; Exebio, Cristobal; and Huffman, Fatma G., "Use of Hemoglobin A1C to Detect Haitian-Americans with Undiagnosed Type 2 Diabetes" (2012). Department of Dietetics and Nutrition. 12.
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