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Objective: Recently emerged beta-coronavirus SARS-CoV-2, has resulted in the current pandemic designated COVID-19. COVID-19 manifests as severe illness exhibiting systemic inflammatory response syndrome, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), thrombotic events, and shock, exacerbated further by co-morbidities and age. Recent clinical evidence suggests that the development of ARDS and subsequent pulmonary failure result from a complex interplay between cell types (endothelial, epithelial and immune) within the lung promoting inflammatory infiltration and a pro-coagulative state. How the complex molecular events mediated by SARS-CoV-2 in infected lung epithelial cells lead to thrombosis and pulmonary failure, is yet to be fully understood. Methods: We address these questions here, using publicly available transcriptomic data in the context of lung epithelia affected by SARS-CoV-2 and other respiratory infections, in vitro. We then extend our results to the understanding of in vivo lung, using a publicly available COVID-19 lung transcriptomic study. Results and Conclusions: Our analysis indicates that there exists a complex interplay between the fibrinolytic system particularly plasmin, and the complement and platelet-activating systems upon SARS-CoV-2 infection, with a potential for therapeutic intervention.
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Mathee, Kalai, "Plasmin Cascade Mediates Thrombotic Events in SARS-CoV-2 Infection via Complement and Platelet-Activating Systems" (2020). Coronavirus Research at FIU. 119.
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