Mapping Height and Biomass of Mangrove Forests in Everglades National Park with SRTM Elevation Data
We produced a landscape scale map of mean tree height in mangrove forests in Everglades National Park (ENP) using the elevation data from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). The SRTM data was calibrated using airborne lidar data and a high resolution USGS digital elevation model (DEM). The resulting mangrove height map has a mean tree height error of 2.0 m (RMSE) over a pixel of 30 m. In addition, we used field data to derive a relationship between mean forest stand height and biomass in order to map the spatial distribution of standing biomass of mangroves for the entire National Park. The estimation showed that most of the mangrove standing biomass in the ENP resides in intermediate- height mangrove stands around 8 m. We estimated the total mangrove standing biomass in ENP to be 5.6 X 109 kg.
Simard, M., K. Zhang, V.H. Rivera-Monroy, M.S. Ross, P.L. Ruiz, E. Castaneda-Moya, R.R. Twilley, E. Rodriguez. 2006. Mapping Height and Biomass of Mangrove Forests in Everglades National Park with SRTM Elevation Data. Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 72(3): 299-311.