Document Type

Thesis

Degree

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Geosciences

First Advisor's Name

Gautam Sen

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Jacqueline E. Dixon

Third Advisor's Name

Rosemary Hickey-Vargas

Fourth Advisor's Name

James F. Luhr

Date of Defense

7-19-2001

Abstract

Melt inclusions are minute magma bodies trapped within growing crystals. Their chemical compositions are useful in deciphering pre-eruptive conditions and magma evolution. The present study examined melt inclusions trapped in phenocrysts from the 3rd and 4th magmatic cycles (1869-1988) at Volcan de Colima, Mexico. Melt inclusions have highly evolved chemical compositions: 65-77% SiO2, >12% A12O3, 3-6% Na2O and K20 and less than 5.5% Fe and Mg. Major element compositions suggest that they are strongly differentiated magmas controlled by fractionation of plagioclase, opx, cpx and hornblende. Water concentrations were measured to be 2.7-3.5 wt. % in cpx hosted inclusions and 0.3-0.7 wt % in opx and plagioclase. Trace element compositions are anomalously low and inversely correlate with water. From this we deduce that Colima lavas and scorias simultaneously differentiate and degas. Moreover, hornblende rim growth rates constrain the ascent of the Colima magmas to -100 days for passive eruptions and >4 days for plinian eruptions.

Identifier

FI14032368

Included in

Geology Commons

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