Document Type

Thesis

Degree

Master of Science (MS)

Department

Chemistry

First Advisor's Name

Kevin O'Shea

First Advisor's Committee Title

Committee Chair

Second Advisor's Name

Martin Quirke

Third Advisor's Name

Leonard Keller

Date of Defense

11-22-1996

Abstract

An extensive study of the reaction pathways of 1,1- dicyclopropyl ethylene, cis- and trans- 1,2-dicyclopropylethylenes has been undertaken with different electrophiles 4-methyl-1,2,4- triazoline-3,5-dione (MTAD), tetracyanoethylene (TCNE), and singlet oxygen (102). Comparison of reactivity and reaction mechanisms among the electrophiles is investigated. Singlet oxygen exhibits significantly lower reactivity compared to the other electrophiles. MTAD and TCNE react with dicyclopropylethylenes to produce predominantly "2+2" adducts and a small amount of the "ene" adducts. The "2+2" is the major product presumably because of the high activation energy leading to the highly strained "ene" products. Solvent trapping studies provide strong evidence of a "stepwise" mechanism, involving a zwitterionic or aziridinium imide as an intermediate from the study of the reactions products of dicyclopropylethylenes and MTAD.

Identifier

FI13101612

Included in

Chemistry Commons

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