High-resolution cyclostratigraphy of the Cenomanian-Turonian interval: Paleoceanographic implications, a comparison between deep sea drilling project site 386 and 144

Peter Arjan Horst, Florida International University

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the extent to which oceanic anoxic events (OAE's) are recorded in deep-water deposits of the former western Tethyan Sea, by investigating the Cenomanian-Turonian time interval characterized by the worldwide OAE 2 event. The study improved our knowledge of the possible controlling mechanisms that triggered this event at these sites, and furthered our understanding of this global phenomenon. This was examined by high-resolution, multi-proxy analyses of sediments at DSDP Sites 386 and 144, including sedimentology, scanning electron microscopy, stable isotopes, bulk and clay mineralogy, major and trace element geochemistry, biomarkers, and paleontological data. ^ The results provide a better stratigraphic resolution for the Cenomanian-Turonian, which allowed for more precise determination of chronologic boundaries, sedimentation rates at DSDP Site 386, and a more accurate calculation of the frequency of the cycles recorded in the sequence, which fall predominantly within the precession (∼23 kyr) and short eccentricity (∼100 kyr) ranges. The combined proxies allow assessment of the correlation of δ13Corg, and major and trace elements with the predominance of cyanobacteria. These organisms were the main producers of the organic matter during the dysoxic and euxinic conditions of OAE 2 at DSDP Site 386. A huge amount of microcrystalline quartz of eolian origin is also associated with OAE 2. The geochemical proxies further provide evidence that OAE 2 was linked to increased volcanism outside the deep water of the proto-Atlantic Ocean. The clays in the Turonian sediments are terrigenous and derived predominantly from eolian transport. Comparing DSDP Site 386 and 144 with stratotype sections, the δ13C org and TOC data indicate that OAE 2 seems diachronous throughout the proto-Atlantic Ocean. ^ This study concludes that the development of anoxic conditions in the deep water of the Atlantic during the latest Cenomanian-Turonian resulted from a combination of factors related to local oceanic setting and mitigated by global tectonism and climate. The data provide a more comprehensive view of the interacting factors that led to sustained high productivity of the cyanobacteria and photosynthetic protists that produced organic-carbon-rich deposits in the world's oceans. ^

Subject Area

Geology|Geochemistry

Recommended Citation

Horst, Peter Arjan, "High-resolution cyclostratigraphy of the Cenomanian-Turonian interval: Paleoceanographic implications, a comparison between deep sea drilling project site 386 and 144" (2007). ProQuest ETD Collection for FIU. AAI3268650.
http://digitalcommons.fiu.edu/dissertations/AAI3268650

Share

COinS