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The designations “digital immigrants” and “digital natives” have become quite popular among educators in the United States and perhaps other countries. However, the two designations are not based on research. A survey of 359 college students who were born in the digital age showed that participants exhibited both “native” as well as “immigrant” behaviors. The authors discuss the findings of the study and propose the two alternative designations “digital nerds” and “digital normals.”
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Thirunarayanan, Mandayam; Lezcano, Herminia; McKee, Myra; and Roque, Gus, "“Digital Nerds” and “Digital Normals”: Not “Digital Natives” and “Digital Immigrants”" (2011). Department of Teaching and Learning. 15.
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