Title

La participación política en los Acuerdos de Paz: los casos de El Salvador y Colombia

Alternate Title

Political participation in the Peace Accords: the cases of El Salvador and Colombia

Date of Publication

2019 12:00 AM

Security Theme

Political Stability

Keywords

peace agreements, national security, political system, demobilization

Description

El Salvador and Colombia represent two cases of Latin American countries that have lived the scene of armed struggle by groups outside the law. Considering that it has been twenty-six years since the signing of the Salvadoran Peace Agreement with the FMLN, taking El Salvador as an example can provide a vision of the successes and deficiencies of the Colombian case, given that the Peace Agreement with the FARC began its implementation stage just two years ago. Especially, the point of political participation is presented as a key to the process of reintegration of ex-combatants, since it encompasses the demands for access to the political system, which is why both guerrillas historically emerged. The present work aims to analyze comparatively the degree of implementation of the point of political participation contained in point six of the Chapultepec Agreement and point two of the Havana Agreement. For this purpose, a qualitative, descriptive and comparative methodology will be used, which establishes the differences and similarities in the implementation of the aforementioned point. The analysis of five variables that were established to compare the content of the Agreements and the electoral results of the political parties that arise from the guerrilla groups, allow us to conclude that the success of these parties does not strictly depend on what is agreed in the agreements and compliance with them, but that the dynamics of these groups as guerrillas have a politically relevant impact even after demobilization.

Comments

Perspectives in Intelligence Vol 11 No 20 (2019); Section History and development Full article available in Spanish language

Copyright 2021 Scientific Journal Perspectives in Intelligence. This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 license .

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Jan 1st, 12:00 AM

La participación política en los Acuerdos de Paz: los casos de El Salvador y Colombia

El Salvador and Colombia represent two cases of Latin American countries that have lived the scene of armed struggle by groups outside the law. Considering that it has been twenty-six years since the signing of the Salvadoran Peace Agreement with the FMLN, taking El Salvador as an example can provide a vision of the successes and deficiencies of the Colombian case, given that the Peace Agreement with the FARC began its implementation stage just two years ago. Especially, the point of political participation is presented as a key to the process of reintegration of ex-combatants, since it encompasses the demands for access to the political system, which is why both guerrillas historically emerged. The present work aims to analyze comparatively the degree of implementation of the point of political participation contained in point six of the Chapultepec Agreement and point two of the Havana Agreement. For this purpose, a qualitative, descriptive and comparative methodology will be used, which establishes the differences and similarities in the implementation of the aforementioned point. The analysis of five variables that were established to compare the content of the Agreements and the electoral results of the political parties that arise from the guerrilla groups, allow us to conclude that the success of these parties does not strictly depend on what is agreed in the agreements and compliance with them, but that the dynamics of these groups as guerrillas have a politically relevant impact even after demobilization.