Title

40 years Protecting Rights

Date of Publication

2018 12:00 AM

Security Theme

Human Rights

Keywords

human rights, court cases, protecting rights, the American convention on Human Rights

Description

The American Convention on Human Rights (ACHR), also known as the “Pact of San José, Costa Rica” is an international treaty adopted within the Organization of American States (OAS). The Convention was adopted at the Inter-American Specialized Conference on Human Rights in 1969 and entered into force in 1978. This year (2018), the American Convention is celebrating its 40th anniversary since it entered into force. The origins of the Convention, can be traced back numerous years. At the end of World War II, the American nations assembled in Mexico and decided that a declaration on human rights should be drafted, which would lay the foundations for a convention. In 1948, the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man was adopted. It represents the first general instrument in the field of human rights, as it was adopted months before the Universal Declaration. The same year, the Charter of the Organization of American States was approved, which establishes said organization. Full respect for human rights appears in several sections of the OAS Charter, which establishes the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights as the principal organ of the OAS for the protection and promotion of human rights. The Commission is based in Washington, D.C. (USA) It is composed of seven independent experts who are elected for four year terms by the OAS General Assembly and can be re-elected once. Furthermore, it is supported by a Secretariat, headed by a Executive Secretary General.

Comments

Portuguese and spanish links: https://www.corteidh.or.cr/sitios/libros/todos/docs/40anos_por.pdf https://www.corteidh.or.cr/sitios/libros/todos/docs/40anos_esp.pdf

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COinS
 
Jan 1st, 12:00 AM

40 years Protecting Rights

The American Convention on Human Rights (ACHR), also known as the “Pact of San José, Costa Rica” is an international treaty adopted within the Organization of American States (OAS). The Convention was adopted at the Inter-American Specialized Conference on Human Rights in 1969 and entered into force in 1978. This year (2018), the American Convention is celebrating its 40th anniversary since it entered into force. The origins of the Convention, can be traced back numerous years. At the end of World War II, the American nations assembled in Mexico and decided that a declaration on human rights should be drafted, which would lay the foundations for a convention. In 1948, the American Declaration of the Rights and Duties of Man was adopted. It represents the first general instrument in the field of human rights, as it was adopted months before the Universal Declaration. The same year, the Charter of the Organization of American States was approved, which establishes said organization. Full respect for human rights appears in several sections of the OAS Charter, which establishes the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights as the principal organ of the OAS for the protection and promotion of human rights. The Commission is based in Washington, D.C. (USA) It is composed of seven independent experts who are elected for four year terms by the OAS General Assembly and can be re-elected once. Furthermore, it is supported by a Secretariat, headed by a Executive Secretary General.