This study includes five years of data from a summer literacy program. The program provides a supplemental field experience for teacher candidates in a College of Education. In that experience, candidates work with children from economically marginalized populations who are performing below grade level in reading. Findings indicate supplemental field experiences are critical in developing efficacy in the candidates and supporting their development as they become professionals with varied literacy teaching strategies. Finally, the findings indicate teacher candidates need supplemental field experiences to understand the demands of the profession and to build teaching stamina.


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